In the wake of the deadly Quebec City mosque shooting, which killed four and injured more than 200, scientists have taken a closer look at religious diets and religious patterns across the globe.
The study, which is scheduled to be released later this month in a special issue of the journal Psychological Science, is a collaboration between researchers from the University of Washington and Harvard University, who studied the diets and dietary habits of nearly 2,000 people across the world.
According to the study, people in different religious cultures eat differently, but it’s likely that the different cultures are just reflecting differences in the way that they live their lives.
“What we’re finding is that the food that people are consuming today is a reflection of the way they lived their lives in the past,” said lead author Sarah Bostrom, a research associate at the Harvard-affiliated Wyss Institute.
The Harvard-Wyss team conducted a similar study in 2015, which found that people in the Muslim world ate less meat, fish and poultry and ate more vegetables.
“It’s interesting that they [the Muslim world] ate so little meat and fish, and so little fruit, and they had more of a vegetarian diet, which may reflect their history of living in a vegetarian society,” Bostom said.
In fact, Bostoms study found that Muslim people in North America ate more meat than people in any other region of the world, including the Middle East, Central Asia and South America.
In North America, Muslim Americans and Muslims in the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa eat much more meat.
The majority of the people in this study were men, and most were white, according to Bostam.
The average age of the participants was 49.3 years old.
Bostrom and her team also found that religious dietary patterns were not the only factors in influencing people’s diets.
They also looked at religious and cultural practices and patterns of consumption.
People in Muslim countries who were more religiously observant and practiced more religious dietary practices were more likely to consume more vegetables and fruits, and to consume less meat.
In contrast, people who were less religiously observanced, practiced more dietary practices and did not eat as much meat were less likely to eat as many vegetables and fruit.
While some cultures have developed elaborate diets that focus on eating certain foods, such as meat, and certain types of fruits, others have evolved more traditional dietary patterns, according the study.
For instance, people living in North Africa and the Middle West are much more likely than people living elsewhere to eat meat, Bustoms said.
And those who were most religious were those who ate the most fruits and vegetables.
The more religious the person was, the more likely he or she was to eat the most meat.
There are differences in how people in these two different regions of the globe eat their food.
People in North American, South America and parts of Asia are more likely in general to eat fish, which are higher in calories than the fish used in traditional foods, according Bostsoms study.
But Bostrams study found a strong correlation between the frequency of eating fish and how often they ate fish.
“There is a strong association between fish consumption and how likely people are to be vegetarian,” she said.
“So fish is a way to make people more vegetarian.”
In the United States, vegetarians and vegans are more than twice as likely as meat eaters to eat fruits and veggies, and almost twice as often to eat whole grains and beans.
The results also suggest that more people in Muslim-majority countries are consuming less meat and vegetables, and more fruits and veg.
While the findings suggest that religious beliefs and practices may have more to do with food habits and diet than with cultural beliefs, Bestrom cautions that their results are not conclusive.
“I think the real question is what is driving this phenomenon,” she says.
“Are there other factors that are driving it?
Are there other cultural factors that have something to do that, too?”
people in South Asia, who are less religious than other Muslims, are more susceptible to becoming vegetarian, Biestrom said.
“This is an example of a social and cultural phenomenon that is driven by a lack of access to fresh food,” she added.
“We need to keep an eye on this issue, because if we’re not vigilant, we may see an even more pronounced impact,” Bestram said.