In its quest to define “Jewishness,” the Jewish state has sought to distinguish between what it deems “Jewish” and “Christian” and between what is considered “Christianity” and what is “Jewish.”
The goal of this process is to make it easier to differentiate between Jewishness and Christianity.
But in recent years, the Hebrew language has been used in the formulation of the concept of “Christianism” as well.
As we have seen, many of the current definitions of Christianity that have emerged have been largely driven by Christian groups who identify themselves as Christian in the context of their religious observances.
This creates the potential for many definitions to become biased, creating a false dichotomy.
In a paper titled “Are Christians Christian?
A Review of the Concept of ‘Christianity'” published in the International Journal of Christian Studies (IJCS), researchers from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJ) and the Hebrew Seminary of Jerusalem found that “the term ‘Christian’ is not a universal term.”
In other words, there is no universal definition of the term “Christian.”
Rather, it is defined by the particular practices that are believed to define one’s “Christianness” or “Jewishism.”
According to the paper, the researchers found that there is a “great deal of heterogeneity in the Christian-Jewish debate over the concept” over what constitutes “Christian identity.”
However, the paper found that the most consistent and influential definition of Christianity as a “Christian-Jewish concept” is that of the Christian New Testament, the first half of which was composed by John Chrysostom in the third century and was written by John Baptist.
The paper argues that, “The New Testament is the most reliable source for the development of a definition of ‘Jewish Christianity.'”
This study suggests that, when it comes to defining “Christian Christianity,” it is important to focus on the “cultural context” of Jewishness as well as the specific practices and religious practices that have been used to define the term.
Despite these findings, the authors argue that the current definition of “Jewish Christianity” is not the most accurate definition of Jewish identity, because it fails to address the religious practices of Jewish communities in Israel and the Middle East.
Moreover, the study argues that the term has been applied to “almost no Jews outside of Israel.”
As the authors point out, this does not necessarily mean that the Jewish community does not have “Christian faith” and practice.
Rather, “the concept is a product of the specific cultural context of Jewish life.”
But, as the authors note, this means that it is not clear whether the term is appropriate to describe all Jews.
In addition, there are “many differences in how Jewishness is understood and practiced in Israel, especially in terms of social and cultural norms and values.”
Moreover,”the term “Jewish culture” and the term ‘Jewish identity’ are often used interchangeably in the United States and other Western countries,” and the “connotations of ‘Jews’ and ‘Christianism’ are also frequently used.”
Thus, they argue that “it is unclear which of these two meanings best describes Jewishness.”
Ultimately, this is a case of “failing to understand the relationship between Jewish identity and culture and religion,” which they conclude “can lead to the misreading of Christian culture as a purely religious entity.”
For example, the scholars argue that, “[w]hen one talks about Jewishness, one does not talk about the way Jews are identified or the way Jewish communities exist or what constitutes Jewishness or what is perceived as Jewishness.
Instead, one refers to Jewish identity in terms that refer to the Jewish people as a whole, a term that does not distinguish between Jewish communities and religious groups.”
While the authors agree that there are important differences between the definitions of Christian and Jewish identities, they suggest that the authors’ argument that “there is no single definition of Christian identity” has been “overly simplistic.”
“While there are many differences in the way people define their identity, there has not been an effort to understand these differences and to identify what constitutes Christian identity.”